Institute of Crystallography - CNR

A multifunctional nanoplatform made of gold nanoparticles and peptides mimicking the vascular endothelial growth factor

In this work, nanobiohybrids of plasmonic gold nanoparticles (AuNP, anti-angiogenic) and a peptide mimicking the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, pro-angiogenic) were assembled and scrutinized in terms of physicochemical characterization, including optical properties, surface charge, surface chemical structure and morphology of the bioengineered metal nanoparticles, for their potential application as multifunctional theranostic (i.e., therapy + sensing) nanoplat-form (AuNP/VEGF). Specifically, a peptide sequence encompassing the VEGF cellular receptor domain 73-101 (VEGF73-101) and its single point cysteine mutated were immobilized onto AuNP by physi-and chemi-sorption, respectively. The new hybrid systems were characterized by means of a multitechnique approach, including dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyses, zeta potential (ZP), spectroscopic (UV-Vis, FT-IR, XPS), spectrometric (TOF-SIMS) and microscopic (AFM, SEM) techniques. Proof-of-work cellular experiments in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) upon the treatment with AuNP/VEGF samples, demonstrated no toxicity up to 24 h (MTT assay) as well an effective internalization (laser confocal microscopy, LSM).

Applied sciences
Impact factor
not specified
Di Pietro P.; Zimbone S.; Grasso G.; La Mendola D.; Cossement D.; Snyders R.; Satriano C.
Authors IC CNR