Institute of Crystallography - CNR

Oxidized Substrates of APEH as a Tool to Study the Endoprotease Activity of the Enzyme

APEH is a ubiquitous and cytosolic serine protease belonging to the prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) family, playing a critical role in the processes of degradation of proteins through both exo- and endopeptidase events. Endopeptidase activity has been associated with protein oxidation; however, the actual mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. We show that a synthetic fragment of GDF11 spanning the region 48-64 acquires sensitivity to the endopeptidase activity of APEH only when the methionines are transformed into the corresponding sulphoxide derivatives. The data suggest that the presence of sulphoxide-modified methionines is an important prerequisite for the substrates to be processed by APEH and that the residue is crucial for switching the enzyme activity from exo- to endoprotease. The cleavage occurs on residues placed on the C-terminal side of Met(O), with an efficiency depending on the methionine adjacent residues, which thereby may play a crucial role in driving and modulating APEH endoprotease activity.

International journal of molecular sciences (Online)
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Sandomenico, Annamaria; Gogliettino, Marta; Iaccarino, Emanuela; Fusco, Carmela; Caporale, Andrea; Ruvo, Menotti; Palmieri, Gianna; Cocca, Ennio
Authors IC CNR