Institute of Crystallography - CNR

Strongly Confined CsPbBr3 Quantum Dots as Quantum Emitters and Building Blocks for Rhombic Superlattices

The success of the colloidal semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) field is rooted in the precise synthetic control of QD size, shape, and composition, enabling electronically well-defined functional nanomaterials that foster fundamental science and motivate diverse fields of applications. While the exploitation of the strong confinement regime has been driving commercial and scientific interest in InP or CdSe QDs, such a regime has still not been thoroughly explored and exploited for lead-halide perovskite QDs, mainly due to a so far insufficient chemical stability and size monodispersity of perovskite QDs smaller than about 7 nm. Here, we demonstrate chemically stable strongly confined 5 nm CsPbBr colloidal QDs via a postsynthetic treatment employing didodecyldimethylammonium bromide ligands. The achieved high size monodispersity (7.5% ± 2.0%) and shape-uniformity enables the self-assembly of QD superlattices with exceptional long-range order, uniform thickness, an unusual rhombic packing with an obtuse angle of 104°, and narrow-band cyan emission. The enhanced chemical stability indicates the promise of strongly confined perovskite QDs for solution-processed single-photon sources, with single QDs showcasing a high single-photon purity of 73% and minimal blinking (78% “on” fraction), both at room temperature.

ACS nano
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Boehme, Simon C.; Bodnarchuk, Maryna I.; Burian, Max; Bertolotti, Federica; Cherniukh, Ihor; Bernasconi, Caterina; Zhu, Chenglian; Erni, Rolf; Amenitsch, Heinz; Naumenko, Denys; Andrusiv, Hordii; Semkiv, Nazar; John, Rohit Abraham; Baldwin, Alan; Galkowski, Krzysztof; Masciocchi, Norberto; Stranks, Samuel D.; Rainò, Gabriele; Guagliardi, Antonietta; Kovalenko, Maksym V.
Authors IC CNR