Istituto di Cristallografia - CNR

The Superconducting Dome in Artificial High-Tc Superlattices Tuned at the Fano-Feshbach Resonance by Quantum Design

While the search for new high-temperature superconductors had been driven by the empirical “trials and errors” method for decades, we now report the synthesis of Artificial High-Tc Superlattices (AHTS) designed by quantum mechanics theory at the nanoscale. This discovery paves the way for engineering a new class of high-temperature superconductors, following the predictions of the Bianconi Perali Valletta (BPV) theory recently implemented in 2022 by Mazziotti et al. including Rashba spin-orbit coupling to create nanoscale AHTS composed of quantum wells. The high-Tc superconducting properties within these superlattices are controlled by a conformational parameter of the superlattice geometry, specifically, the ratio L/d which represents the thickness of La2CuO4 layers (L) relative to the superlattice period (d). Using molecular beam epitaxy, we have successfully grown numerous AHTS samples. These samples consist of initial layers of stoichiometric La2CuO4 units with a thickness L, doped by interface space charge, and intercalated with second layers of non-superconducting metallic material, La1.55Sr0.45CuO4 with thickness denoted as W = d – L. This configuration forms a quantum superlattice with periodicity d. The agreement observed between the experimental dependence Tc (the superconducting transition temperature) versus L/d ratio and the predictions of the BPV theory for AHTS in the form of the superconducting dome validates the hypothesis that the superconducting dome arises from the Fano-Feshbach or shape resonance in multigap superconductivity driven by quantum nanoscale confinement. ? 2023 by the authors.

Condensed matter
Impact factor
Logvenov, Gennady and Bonmassar, Nicolas and Christiani, Georg and Campi, Gaetano and Valletta, Antonio and Bianconi, Antonio
Autori IC CNR