Institute of Crystallography - CNR

Highly Efficient Flexible Perovskite Solar Cells on Polyethylene Terephthalate Films via Dual Halide and Low-Dimensional Interface Engineering for Indoor Photovoltaics

Flexible perovskite solar cells are lightweight, bendable, and applicable to curved surfaces. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) has become the substrate of choice compared to other plastic substrates like polyethylene naphthalate. PET is not only stable but also much cheaper to manufacture, an important factor for photovoltaics (PV). Herein, highly efficient devices on PET are demonstrated using a dual low-temperature (& LE;100 & DEG;C) approach, first by anion mixing (replacing I with Br) of the lead-containing perovskite composition, increasing bandgap (42% improvement), and then by interfacial engineering with tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) (a further 26% improvement), reaching efficiencies of 28.9% at 200 lx and a record 32.5% at 1000 lx. The TBA(+) cation intercalates into the structure, substituting formamidinium cations at the perovskite/TBAB interface, inducing the formation of large-sized, lower dimensional structures over the 3D perovskite matrix. The resulting PV cell has 1.4 times higher carrier lifetime, one order of magnitude lower leakage currents, and 3 times lower defect densities, suppressing recombination. Importantly, stability (ISOS-D1 protocol) improves by more than double with treatment. Highly efficient and stable cells on PET films enable seamless integration with wearable, portable, smart building, and Internet of Things electronic devices, expanding the reach of indoor applications.

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Skafi, Zeynab; Xu, Jie; Mottaghitalab, Vahid; Mivehi, Leila; Taheri, Babak; Jafarzadeh, Farshad; Podapangi, Suresh Kumar; Altamura, Davide; Guascito, Maria Rachele; Barba, Luisa; Giannini, Cinzia; Rizzo, Aurora; De Rossi, Francesca; Javanbakht Lomeri, Hamed; Sorbello, Luca; Matteocci, Fabio; Brunetti, Francesca; Brown, Thomas M.